Secondly, it is worth emphasizing that all low-carb diets should have negligible amounts of sugar and refined carbohydrates. This is critical because there is increasing evidence to suggest a strong association between sugar intake and the risk of gout. If this relationship ultimately proves to be causal, low-carb diets would be considered a therapeutic tool to reduce the risk of gout. 3 Read on to learn the definition of gout, how to avoid it, and how a low-carb diet can affect it.
Gout is a sudden, painful swelling of a joint, most often at the base of the big toe (see image). It can also affect other joints, such as the heels, knees, wrists, and finger joints. Gout is caused by high levels of uric acid in the blood, which causes crystals to deposit in the affected joint. Gout is more common in people who are overweight and have metabolic syndrome.
Given the increasing prevalence of these conditions in recent decades, gout now affects about 6% of adult men and 2% of women (even more common in older people). In addition, there is real concern about the bias of healthy users in these studies, since those who consume large amounts of meat as part of a typical Western diet may engage in other unhealthy behaviors that increase the risk of gout. 7 Therefore, it is important to note that epidemiological studies cannot prove that meat directly increases the risk of gout. In addition, we must recognize that nutritional research often yields conflicting results for the same topic, such as a study showing that vegans had higher levels of uric acid than those who eat meat and fish.
8 Does this mean that vegans have the highest risk of suffering from gout attacks? No, we cannot conclude that based on these data, and the conclusion is that we must consider the results of nutritional epidemiology studies with a good deal of skepticism. In fact, there is a surprising story that gout suddenly became common in populations just as sugar consumption began to increase sharply (p. ex. In Great Britain during the 18th century, parallel to the birth of the country's sugar industry).
Fructose (found in sweetened beverages, among other things) is known to directly increase blood levels of uric acid. 11 In addition, high blood insulin levels, associated with a diet high in sugar and refined carbohydrates, have been shown to increase uric acid levels, probably by decreasing the excretion of uric acid by the kidneys, 12 In addition, observational studies consistently show a correlation between the consumption of fructose and an increased risk of gout, 13 While these types of studies cannot prove that fructose causes gout, we believe that the combination of mechanistic and consistent observational data makes a convincing argument for avoiding fructose and reducing the risk of gout. Short-term studies show a temporary increase in uric acid during the first few weeks when starting a strictly low-carbohydrate treatment (i.e.,. This effect seems to disappear after about six weeks, and uric acid returns to baseline values or even lower levels.14.After dozens of high-quality studies that compared low-carb diets with other diets, there doesn't seem to be any that notice an obvious difference in the risk of gout, although no study has specifically focused on this question.
Doctors who regularly treat patients on low-carbohydrate diets do not notice a sharp increase in episodes of gout, even during the initial period. 17 If there's an increase in risk during the first few weeks, it's likely to be small. In addition, these lifestyle modifications have many other positive effects on weight and health. Since there may be a temporary increase in uric acid during the first few weeks with a strict low-carb diet, some recommend that people who have previously had problematic gout attacks should consider using the drug allopurinol when starting with low carbohydrate levels.
Edward Skol, from the Scripps Clinic, warns against the temporary use of allopurinol for this purpose; it is known that it initially increases the risk of an acute attack when started (and when stopped) without the use of additional anti-gout medications. This is supported by official guidelines from the American College of Rheumatology, which strongly recommend starting allopurinol alone together with a drug such as colchicine or ibuprofen to lower this initial risk, 22 In Dr. In Skol's practice, if medications are desired to prevent gout attacks at the start of a low-carb diet, the most common thing is to only use colchicine or ibuprofen without allopurinol. He also summarizes: “The best advice is probably to avoid dehydration when starting a ketogenic diet.
Also, keep in mind that a low-carb diet doesn't have to be especially high in meat anyway. There are many other foods to meet your protein needs. A well-formulated low-carb diet that reduces sugars and refined carbohydrates could reduce the risk of gout in the long term, collection of 24 recipes Whether you're looking for strict, moderate, or liberal low-carb ketogenic recipes, here are more than 700 delicious low-carb recipes for choose. Do you have any suggestions, big or small, to improve this page? Anything you want to add or change? Any other problems you would like to see solved? Learn more about our policies and work with evidence-based guidelines, nutritional controversies, our editorial team and our medical review board.
How to Follow a Healthy Vegetarian Ketogenic Diet. How to eat low in carbohydrates as a vegan %26larrhk; Very low carbohydrate diets studied in the literature generally include less than 30 grams of carbohydrates per day, while moderate to liberal low-carb trials may include up to 50 or 100 grams of carbohydrates, respectively. Observational studies have found an association between sugar intake and risk of gout. More evidence is needed to demonstrate a cause and effect relationship.
The following study showed a very weak association between certain sources of animal protein intake and the risk of gout. However, people who had gout also drank more alcohol, were more likely to have high blood pressure, and consumed more total calories. This meta-analysis of observational studies showed that the consumption of fructose and alcohol was the most correlated with the risk of gout, stronger than the consumption of meat and seafood. Sugar is likely to be worse than other carbohydrates because of the potency of fructose to increase uric acid.
Beer contains not only alcohol, but also rapidly digestible carbohydrates, which increases insulin and thus reduces the excretion of uric acid. Of minor importance, beer also contains purines. This study showed that most types of alcohol, even in moderate amounts, increase the risk of gout. However, it's likely that none of the participants were following a low-carb diet.
We comply with the HONcode standard for reliable health information. Therefore, the ketogenic diet doesn't cause gout. You see, people with gout actually have fewer gallbladder outbreaks and have less severe gout outbreaks. There are actually two things that cause gout.
It is high insulin levels that are caused by inappropriate chronic inflammation in the joints, which is what causes gout. Insulin is a high inflammation that occurs due to a high-carbohydrate diet full of grains and vegetable oils. That's what causes gout, not ketogenic gout. Very few people who aren't prone to gout (it's partly genetic) have a seizure due to starting a ketogenic diet.
Some of them, such as the myth that high-protein diets cause gout, are based on half-truths, while others, such as the belief that dairy consumption causes gout attacks, are not supported by literature. Because of the severity with which it restricts carbohydrate intake, the ketogenic diet has the lowest glycemic index of any diet. Avoiding meat shouldn't be necessary when it comes to preventing gout, especially if you're following a low-carb diet. New research examines the effects of a high-fat, low-carb ketogenic diet on both rodents and humans, and suggests that it may alleviate symptoms of gout.
In fact, he adopts the ketogenic diet himself and is often seen rating the ketogenic diet as the 26% adequate natural human diet. This also means that since the ketogenic diet stimulates the production of BHB, it has the ability to alleviate symptoms and prevent gout attacks. After exploring the data from these studies, the potential of an ideal diet for people with gout begins to emerge. Physicians who regularly treat patients on low-carbohydrate diets do not notice a sharp increase in episodes of gout, even during the initial period.
Overall, it appears that the ketogenic diet may increase the risk of gout in the first few weeks, while reducing the risk as the body burns more ketones for fuel. The first study I could find on dietary interventions for gout sought to find out how different variations in low-glycemic diets affected uric acid levels in both men and women with an average age of ~52.If this relationship ultimately proves to be causal, low-carb diets would be considered a therapeutic tool to reduce the risk of gout. After all, conventional wisdom states that high protein intake and high-fat diets are behind gout attacks. Interestingly, the ketogenic diet is highly effective in promoting weight loss, reducing inflammation, and eliminating many of the foods and beverages that cause gout.
A well-formulated low-carb diet that reduces sugars and refined carbohydrates could reduce the risk of gout in the long term. . .